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Orumanithanoruveeduoruulagam: A Masterpiece of Tamil Literature
Orumanithanoruveeduoruulagam, which translates to \"a man, a house and a world\", is a novel by Jayakanthan, one of the most influential and prolific writers of Tamil literature. The novel was first published in 1973 and has been widely acclaimed by critics and readers alike. It won the Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Director for Durai, who adapted it into a film in 1978 [^5^].
The novel tells the story of an orphan boy who grows up without knowing his identity, caste or origin. He wanders from place to place, encountering various people and situations that shape his worldview. He falls in love with a Brahmin girl, who educates him and marries him against her parents' wishes. He loses her in a tragic accident and becomes a widower. He then meets another woman, who helps him overcome his grief and start a new life. He also becomes involved in social activism and fights for the rights of the oppressed and marginalized sections of society.
The novel explores the themes of humanism, existentialism, social justice and individual freedom. It challenges the norms and prejudices of the traditional society and portrays the protagonist as a universal human being who transcends all boundaries and limitations. It also reflects Jayakanthan's own life experiences and political views as a member of the Communist Party of India [^1^]. The novel is written in a simple and lucid style that appeals to both the masses and the classes.
Orumanithanoruveeduoruulagam is a classic of Tamil literature that has inspired generations of readers and writers. It is a novel that celebrates the dignity and diversity of human life and expresses the hope for a better world.
The novel is divided into three parts, each corresponding to a different stage of the protagonist's life and a different place that he calls home. The first part is titled \"Oru Manithan\", which means \"a man\". It depicts the childhood and adolescence of Henry, who is an orphan with no clue about his identity or origin. He wanders around various places, such as Chennai, Madurai, Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari, and meets different people who influence his personality and outlook. He learns to read and write from a Christian missionary, who gives him the name Henry. He also learns to play the violin from a musician, who becomes his mentor and friend. He faces many hardships and challenges, such as poverty, hunger, exploitation and violence, but also experiences love, friendship and compassion.
The second part is titled \"Oru Veedu\", which means \"a house\". It narrates the adult life of Henry, who falls in love with a Brahmin girl named Devaki. She is a college student who teaches him English and other subjects. She also introduces him to the works of Jayakanthan and other progressive writers. She marries him against her parents' wishes and they settle down in a small house in Chennai. They have a happy and harmonious life, until tragedy strikes. Devaki dies in a road accident, leaving Henry heartbroken and devastated. He loses his will to live and becomes suicidal.
The third part is titled \"Oru Ulagam\", which means \"a world\". It describes the transformation of Henry, who meets another woman named Thuraikannu. She is a social worker who helps him cope with his grief and depression. She also encourages him to join the Communist Party of India and become an activist for social causes. He travels to various parts of Tamil Nadu and India, such as Krishnagiri, Delhi and Calcutta, and participates in various movements and struggles for the rights of the poor and oppressed people. He also writes articles and pamphlets for the party's publications. He becomes a respected and influential leader of the masses, but also faces opposition and threats from the authorities and the enemies of the party. aa16f39245